The secret to a great cup of coffee lies in the quality and freshness of the coffee beans. It is not easy finding fresh roasted coffee beans because of their shelf life. For you to enjoy your favorite cup of coffee, you can do the roasting yourself. The smell and aroma of the roasted beans are enough to wake you up in the morning and sends you off to follow the scent right into the kitchen. Without a doubt, a good cup of coffee will surely perk you up.
Roasting the fresh coffee beans can either be simple or complicated. It all depends on how you look at it and how relentless you are in your pursuit of that one perfect cup of happiness called coffee. The whole process will usually take 10 – 15 minutes depending on your preference. The method you prefer to follow depends on how much roasted beans you require, how many cups you feel like drinking and the amount of money you wish to spend. As an alternative you can use a stovetop popcorn popper or your pan. However, in all honesty, it is preferable to use an automated roasting machine.
These home roasters use hot air to heat and move the coffee. This allows you to cook coffee in small amounts, hence can only be used for home roasting. Some types of roasting machines are air roasters and drum roasters. The former increases the luster of a specialty coffee while the latter develops the body of the coffee.
With your equipment on hand, it is time to put the beans inside. The beans are to be roasted in temperatures of 370 degrees F to 540 degrees F. The constant stirring will prevent the beans from burning. Stir the beans every 30 seconds and in a few minutes you will hear crackling sounds. Smoke will emanate from the appliance, so be sure to turn on your fan hood or open your windows. Always check on your beans. They change color as you continue the process. The beans will turn to light yellow to steadily darken. Be sure to closely monitor the roasting process as it can make a huge impact.
Once the beans are cooked to your liking, remove them immediately and transfer to a colander to cool them off. Whisk the beans to remove the chaff (dried skin that fell off during the process). This helps to cool them faster to avoid over roasting.
If you really want to get the perfect taste of your coffee beans, experiment on your roasting. You can go from light to dark. Meaning, roast your beans by color so you can find the right taste that will sit well with your taste buds. You only need to learn for your mistakes, and as the old adage goes: practice makes perfect!